Most Christians simply take for granted the doctrines they are taught and never question whether what they believe is based on sound Scriptural and historical evidence. The purpose of this website is to carefully look at a number of Christian doctrinal/theological and Scriptural issues and simply go to where the evidence takes us. I trust the perspectives offered will stimulate further investigation. I have made every effort to present the material offered on this website in an objective, comprehensive, straightforward evidence based manner.  

       Major issues addressed on this website will be the Doctrine of the Second Coming of Christ, The Doctrine of the Trinity, The Kingdom of God, The Reliability of the Biblical Scriptures, What Happens after Death, Predestination and Freewill, Universal Salvation and Creation versus Evolution.  The Doctrine of the Second Coming of Christ is addressed in an eighteen part series entitled When Does Christ Return?   The Doctrine of the Trinity is discussed in a twenty-six part series entitled The God Of Jesus. In addition to topics cited above, I deal with a variety of other matters that are of historical or current interest within the Christian community.

       Please click the blue title bar on an essay of your choice and it will take you to page one of that essay. Essays having multiple pages will have a navigation bar for easy access to additional pages.

       Go to "Alphabetical Listing of Essays" on the navigation bar at the top of this page for access to an  alphabetical listing of the titles and subjects of the  essays shown here on the home page of this website. Visit the "Recent Postings" link to discover the most recent material added to this website.

       Click "Sermons" on the navigation bar above to view a list of selected sermons I have given during the past thirteen years to a congregation of Grace Communion International where I have served as a pastor for many years.

       It is my hope that the material presented on this website will be beneficial and I welcome constructive, evidence based response.

David Kroll


UPDATED 06-06-21

The Case for Universal Salvation

       Universal Salvation is the belief that the death and resurrection of Jesus has facilitated and secured the salvation of all humanity. Under this perspective, all humans who have ever lived and ever will live are guaranteed salvation through the Christ event. This belief is also referred to as universal reconciliation or the doctrine of comprehensive grace. In this Five Part series, I provide a comprehensive investigation of the arguments for and against this belief. 

Are the Biblical Scriptures Reliable? 

       In recent years, theologians and Church historians have raised questions as to the reliability of the Biblical Scriptures. Questions have been raised as to their authenticity and Divine connection.  In this Eight Part series of essays, we will examine the issues of Scriptural authorship, dating of documents, apocryphal writings, inerrancy versus errancy, word of God versus word of man and the issue of how the Scriptures came to be ("inspiration" and canonization). We will also analyze and discuss a number of apparent Scriptural contradictions and inconsistencies and examine the issue of prophetic fulfillment. 

Updated 02-18-20

What Happens After Death?

       What happens after physical death is a concern of most humans.  In this seven part series, we will examine the doctrine of the immortality of the soul and the various concepts of hell.  We will discuss what it means to be resurrected from the dead and how this defines our eternal destiny. We will address the critical and difficult issue of what happens to the so-called unsaved dead. We will present a comprehensive discussion of the doctrine of Universal Salvation (aka Universal Reconciliation and Comprehensive Grace).

The Doctrine of Original Sin

       Are we born sinners or do we become sinners?  What kind of death does sin produce?

       The Christian doctrine of original sin teaches that all humans are born in a state of sin as a result of Adam and Eve committing sin in the Garden of Eden by eating of the forbidden tree. Humans are seen as having the sin of Adam passed on to them through procreation. Human nature is equated with sinful nature. Is this what the Scriptures teach?  What kind of death does sin produce? Is it physical death, spiritual death or both?  In this Three Part series we will address these issues.

Evidence For The Resurrection Of Jesus

       Some New Testament scholars have come to question the validity of the Scriptural accounts of the resurrection of Jesus. Since the resurrection of Jesus is the bedrock of the Christian theological system, it is crucial that we consider the evidence for this event having occurred.  In this four part series I respond to the critics and provide a comprehensive presentation of the evidence for the resurrection of Christ Jesus.

What Law Is and What Law Ain't

       What Biblical laws are we required to keep? The keeping of law and its relationship to salvation and pleasing God has been a contentious topic in Christianity from the beginning. It was a major concern in the first century Church as seen in the letters of Paul and the book of Acts.  It has continued to be an issue in the Church over the past 2000 years often dividing fellowships, families and friends. In this Three Part series we will look at the dynamics of this issue and determine what Law is and what Law ain’t.

The Laws of Clean and Unclean

(Are Old Covenant Dietary Regulations still in force for Christians today?)

       Under the Old Covenant, adherence to dozens of laws pertaining to being clean or not clean defined ones relationship with God.  Included in this group of regulations were laws prohibiting the eating of a variety of organisms that God identified as unclean.  Some believe these dietary laws are still in force today. In this Two Part series we will examines the dynamics of this issue and draw conclusions based on the evidence provided in the Scriptures.

What Is Holiness and how is it achieved?

       Holiness is a theme that runs throughout the Scriptures.  God is seen as holy.  Humans are seen as holy.  Things, places, days and events are seen as holy.  The words holy and holiness appear hundreds of times in Scripture. In this essay we will examine what holiness is and determine how we are holy before God.

Old Testament Prophecy and Jesus

       New Testament writers record many Old Testament prophecies, events and sayings as being fulfilled in the life of Jesus. In this six part series we will discover why they did this and we will examine how best to understand the associations made between Old Testament prophecies, events and sayings and their alleged fulfillment in Jesus.

UPDATED 03-23-21

Faith, Repentance, Baptism and Salvation

      Apostle Paul wrote that salvation is a gift from God. It is freely given by the grace of God through faith in the death and resurrection of Jesus. Paul instructed that there are no works we can do to merit this gift. This would make it appear that salvation is unconditional. Yet faith, repentance and baptism appear as conditions that must be met in order to receive the gift of salvation. Is there conflict between the Scriptural teaching that salvation is a free gift from God and yet seemingly requires the works of faith, repentance and baptism?  It is this issue we will address in this Four Part series.

Hebrews: A Study In Covenantal Transition

       This two part essay will review the entire book of Hebrews and discuss the dynamics that led to the transition from the Old Covenant system to the New Covenant System.  It will be demonstrated that this transition took place during the forty years following the ascension of Jesus to the Father and the first century return of Jesus which resulted in the destruction of the temple which led to the termination of the Old Covenant system.

Commentary On The Revelation

       The Revelation is the most controversial document in the New Testament. Many attempts have been made to decipher its many symbols and metaphors. The timing of its fulfillment has been enigmatic for centuries. In this seven part series of essays, we will first discuss when and by whom the Revelation was written. We will then provide an overview of four different interpretive approaches. Finally, we will study its contents through the eyes of the two interpretive approaches called futurism and preterism. 

Significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls

       The Dead Scrolls have contributed greatly to scholarly study of the Old Testament and the religious sect that was responsible for the writing and preservation of the scrolls found at Qumran Israel.  In this three part series of essays, we will provide a comprehensive overview of The Dead Sea Scrolls and what impact their discovery has had on our understanding of the Hebrew Scriptures. 

  Standing Before God: (The Grace/Works issue)

       On page 34 of Rick Warren’s book, The Purpose  Driven Life, Pastor Warren writes: "One day you will stand before God, and he will do an audit of your life, a final exam, before you enter eternity.”  Is this a valid picture of what will occur at the time of our death? In this essay I address this issue in depth.

Commentary On "The Purpose Driven Life"

       The book, "The Purpose Driven Life," by author Rick Warren, has sold millions of copies worldwide and has received rave reviews from much of the Christian community. This book provides many excellent insights but also presents a number of problematical statements which this three part commentary will deal with.